بررسی تأثیر نوع کود مصرفی بر عملکرد کمی و کیفی دو رقم برنج در شرایط مختلف تنش رطوبتی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری زراعت، واحد لاهیجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، لاهیجان، ایران

2 دانشیار،گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد لاهیجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، لاهیجان، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد لاهیجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، لاهیجان، ایران

10.22124/jms.2022.6156

چکیده

کودهای آلی با ایجاد غلظت­های مناسب عناصر در گیاهان موجب رشد و عملکرد مطلوب گیاه، سلامت مصرف­کنندگان و افزایش مقاومت به کم­آبی می­شود. به­همین منظور دو آزمایش در محیط جداگانه­ی غرقاب و تنش به صورت کرت­های خرد شده بر پایه طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار اجرا شد. عامل­های آزمایشی شامل کود نیتروژنه در سه سطح 50، 100 و 150 کیلوگرم در هکتار، کودهای آلی مرغی پلت­شده در سه سطح ۱۲۵۰،2500 و ۳۷۵۰ کیلوگرم در هکتار و کودهای گاوی و کمپوست زباله­ی شهری هر کدام در سه سطح ۳۷۵۰،7500 و ۱۱۲۵۰ کیلوگرم در هکتار به عنوان عامل اصلی و رقم در دو سطح گیلانه و هاشمی به عنوان عامل فرعی بودند. نتایج نشان داد بیش­ترین درصد نیتروژن، درصد پروتئین و غلظت روی در تیمار غرقاب، مصرف کمپوست به مقدار ۱۱۲۵۰ کیلوگرم در هکتار در رقم هاشمی به ترتیب ۰۱۳/۲ ، ۹۹/۱۱ درصد و ۵/۳۴ پی­پی­ام بود. بیش­ترین درصد نیتروژن، درصد پروتئین، غلظت مس و عملکرد شلتوک درتیمار تنش خشکی، مصرف کود مرغی پلت­شده به مقدار ۳۷۵۰ کیلوگرم در هکتار در رقم گیلانه به ترتیب با ۲۸/۲، ۵۶/۱۳ درصد، ۱۷ پی­پی­ام  و ۷۱۹۱ کیلوگرم در هکتار به­دست آمد. به نظر می­رسد مصرف کودهای آلی نسبت به شیمیایی در افزایش کیفیت بذر تأثیر بیش­تری دارد و برای رسیدن به بالاترین کیفیت بذر مدیریت کودی در شرایط غرقاب و تنش خشکی متفاوت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the effect of fertilizer type on quantitative and qualitative yield of two rice cultivars under different conditions of water stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Jalali Moridani 1
  • Seyyed Mostafa Sadeghi 2
  • Naser Mohammadian Roshan 3
  • Majid Ashouri 3
  • Hamidreza Doroudian 3
1 Ph.D. student of Agronomy, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Organic fertilizers, by creating appropriate concentrations of elements in plants, cause optimal plant growth and yield, consumer health and increase water resistance. For this purpose, two experiments were performed in separate flood and stress environments as split plots based on a randomized complete block design with three replications. Experimental factors include nitrogen fertilizer at three levels of 50, 100 and 150 kg/ha, pelleted poultry organic fertilizer at three levels of 1250, 2500 and 3750 kg/ha and cow manure and municipal waste compost at three levels each. 3750, 7500 and 11250 kg/ha were the main factors and cultivars in Gilaneh and Hashemi levels were the secondary factors. The results showed that the highest percentage of nitrogen, protein content and zinc concentration in flooding treatment, compost application at 11250 kg/ha in Hashemi cultivar were 2.013, 11.99% and 34.50 ppm, respectively. The highest percentage of nitrogen, percentage of protein, copper concentration and paddy yield in drought stress treatment, application of pelleted poultry manure at 3750 kg/ha in Gilaneh cultivar with 2.28, 13.56%, 17 ppm, and 7191 kg/ha respectively. It seems that the use of organic fertilizers has a greater effect on increasing seed quality than chemical fertilizers and to achieve the highest seed quality, fertilizer management is different under waterlogging and drought stress conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Seed
  • Rice
  • Organic Fertilizer
  • Nutrients
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