اثر پرایمینگ بذر بر عملکرد دانه و روغن گلرنگ تحت شرایط کم آبیاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی سیستان

2 دانشگاه پیام نور زاهدان

چکیده

به­منظور اثر پرایمینگ بذر بر عملکرد دانه و روغن گلرنگ تحت کم­آبیاری آزمایشی به­صورت کرت­های یک بار خرد شده بر پایه طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه دانشگاه پیام نور زابل در سال زراعی 92-1391 اجرا شد. آبیاری در سه سطح شامل آبیاری در تمام مراحل رشد (روزت، ساقه رفتن، طبق­دهی، گلدهی و پرشدن دانه)، قطع آبیاری در روزت، ساقه رفتن، طبق­دهی و آبیاری در گلدهی و پرشدن دانه، آبیاری در مراحل روزت، ساقه رفتن، طبق­دهی و قطع آبیاری در مراحل گلدهی و پرشدن دانه؛ به­عنوان کرت  اصلی و پرایمینگ بذر در پنج سطح شامل بدون پرایم، پرایم با آب مقطر، پرایم با سولفات روی یک درصد، پرایم با نیترات پتاسیم یک درصد و پرایم با نیترات پتاسیم دو درصد؛ به­عنوان کرت فرعی بودند. نتایج نشان داد با کاهش رطوبت قابل استفاده در خاک در تیمارهای ساقه رفتن و گلدهی تعداد طبق در بوته، دانه در طبق، وزن هزاردانه، عملکرد دانه و روغن کاهش یافت. میزان کاهش عملکرد دانه در این تیمارها به­ترتیب حدود 20 و 45 درصد بود. عملکرد دانه و درصد روغن در حالت اسموپرایمینگ بذر با سولفات روی یک درصد و نیترات پتاسیم دو درصد نسبت به عدم پرایم به­ترتیب 19 و 14 درصد بیشتر بودند. بر اساس نتایج در کشت بهاره گلرنگ، آبیاری در تمام مراحل رشد می بایست انجام و پرایمینگ بذر نیز نسبت به عدم پرایم دارای برتری می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of seed priming on grain and oil yield of Safflower under irrigation deficit conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • HamidReza Fanaei 1
  • Hanieh Keikha 2
  • Eisa Piri 2
چکیده [English]

In order to effect of seed priming on oil, grain yield of Safflower under irrigation deficit conditions a split plot experiment based on randomized complete block design was conducted with three replications in 2012-2013 growing seasons in research farm of Payame-Noor University of Zabol. Irrigation in three levels  included; I1= Irrigation in all growth stages (rosset, stem elongation, heading, flowering, and grain filling), I2=Irrigation interruption in rosset, stem elongation, heading and irrigation in flowering, and grain filling), I3=Irrigation in growth stages rosset, stem elongation, heading and interruption irrigation in flowering, and grain filling were main plot and seed priming  in five levels included; P1=Non- Primed (control), P2=Hydropriming, P3=Primed with 1% ZnSO4 P4=Primed with 1% KNO3 P5=Primed with 2% KNO3 were sub plots. The results showed that  number head in plant, grain in head, 1000 grain weight ,oil and grain yield in I2 and I3 treatments decreased as soil available moisture was reduced. Rate decreased grain yield in treatments was 20 and 45 %, respectively. The oil percentage and grain yield was higher in seeds osmopriming with 1% ZnSO4 and 2% KNO3 compared to non prime 19 and 14 %, respectively. Based on results in spring plant of  safflower must be take irrigation in all of growth stages and seeds priming than to non prime seed to be superior.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Drought
  • Safflower
  • Seed pre-treatment
  • Zinc
Abdolrahmani, B., Ghassemi-Golezani, K., Valizadeh, M., Feizi Asl, V. and Tavakoli, A. 2011. Effect of seed priming on the growth trend and grain yeild of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) abidar under rainfed conditions. Seed and plant Journal, 27(1): 111-129. (In Persian) (Journal)

Ajouri, A., Asgedom, H. and Becker, M. 2004. Seed priming enhances germination and seedling growth of barley under conditions of P and Zn deficiency. Journal Plant Nutrition Soil Science, 167: 630–636. (Journal)

Afzal, Sh., Akbar, N., Ahmad, Z., Maqsood, Q., Iqbal, M.A. and Aslam, M.R. 2013. Role of Seed Priming with Zinc in Improving the Hybrid Maize (Zea mays L.) Yield. American-Eurasian Journal Agriculture and Environment Science, 13 (3): 301-306. (Journal)

Alizadeh, A. 2004. Water, soil and plant relationship. Ferdowsi University Publication, Mashhad, Iran. (Book)

Arif, M., Jan, M.T., Marvat, K.B. and Khan, M.A. 2008. Seed priming improves emergence and yield of soybean. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 40: 1169-1177. (Journal)

Arif, M., Waqas, M., Nawab, Kh. and Shahid, M. 2007. Effect of seed priming in Zn solutions on chickpea and wheat. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8: 237-240. (Journal)

Ashraf, M. and Foolad, M.R. 2005. Pre-sowing seed treatment– A shot-gun approach to improve germination, plant growth and crop yield under saline and non-saline conditions. Advances in Agronomy, 88: 223- 271. (Journal)

Ashrafi, E. and Razmjoo, J. 2014. Effect of seed hydropriming and irrigation regimes on grain, biological yield, harvest index, oil and protein content of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivars. Agronomy Journal (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi), 103: 61-68. (In Persian) (Journal)

Baghkhani, F. and Farahbakhsh, H. 2008. The effects of drought stress on yield and some physiological traits three variety spring Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Research Agriculture: Water, Soil and Plant in Agriculture, 8 (2): 45 -57. (In Persian) (Journal)

Baniabas-shari, Z., Zamani, Gh.R. and Saiari-Zehan, M.H. 2011. Effect of drought stress and Zn foliar on yield and yield components of safflower. Environmental Stresses in Crop Sciences, 8 (2): 165 -172. (In Persian) (Journal)

Bassil, B.S. and Kffka, S.R. 2002. Response of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) to saline soils and irrigation. II. Crop Response to Salinity. Journal of Agriculture and Water Management,
 54: 81-92. (Journal)

Behdani, M.A. and Mosavifar, B. 2011. Effect of irrigation deficit on dry matter of plant and remobilization in three genotypes of spring safflower. Agroecology, 3(3): 277 -289. (In Persian) (Journal)

Cakmak, I. 2000. Possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. New Phytologist, 146 (2): 185–205. (Journal)

Fanaei, H.R., Galavi, M., Kafi, M. and Shirani-rad, A.H. 2013. Interaction of water deficit stress and potassium application on potassium, calcium, magnesium concentration and oil of two species of canola (Brassicanapus) and mustard (Brassica juncea). Journal of Water and Soil Science, 23 (3): 261 -275. (In Persian) (Journal)

Fanaei, H.R. and Narouirad, M.R. 2014. Study of yield, yield components and tolerance to drought stress in safflower genotypes. International Journal Crop Production, 7 (3): 33 -51. (In Persian) (Journal)

Farooq, M., Basra, S.M.A., Warraich, E.A. and Khaliq, A. 2006. Optimization of hydropriming techniques for rice seed invigoration. Seed Science and Technology, 34: 529- 534. (Journal)

Farooq, M., Wahid, A., Kobayashi, N., Fujita, D. and Basra, S.M.A. 2008a. Plant drought stress: Effects, mechanisms and management. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 10:1051-1059. (Journal)

Farooq, M., Basra, S.M.A., Rehman, H. and Saleem, B.A. 2008b. Seed priming enhances the performance of late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by improving the chilling tolerance. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 194: 55-60. (Journal)

Fateh, H., Siosemardeh, A. and Karimpoor, M. 2011. Effects of seed priming and sowing date on antioxidant enzymes activity and yield of chickpea under dryland condition. Plant Production Technology, 2 (2): 1-16. (In Persian) (Journal)

Harris, D. 2006. Development and testing of on-farm seed priming. Advance in Agronomy, 90: 129–178. (Journal)

Harris, D., Rashid, A., Miraj, G., Arif, M. and Shah, H. 2007. Priming seeds with zinc sulphate solution increases yields of maize (Zea mays L.) on zinc-deficient soils. Field Crops Research, 102: 119–127. (Journal)

Jabbari-Orange, J. and Ebadi, A. 2012. Responses of phenological and physiological stages of spring safflower to complementary irrigation. African Journal of Biological Technological, 11(10): 2465-2471. (Journal)

Kafi, M. and Rostami, M. 2007. Yield characteristics and oil content of three safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) cultivars under drought in reproductive stage and irrigation with saline water. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 5: 121-132. (In Persian) (Journal)

Kaur, S., Gupta, A.K. and Kaur, N. 2006. Seed priming increases crop yield possibly by modulating enzymes of sucrose metabolism in chickpea. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science,191:81-87. (Journal)

Kaya, M.D., Okcu, G., Atak, M., Cikili, Y. and Kolaici, O. 2006. Seed treatments to overcome salt and drought stress during germination in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). European Journal of Agronomy, 24: 291-295. (Journal)

Kaya, M., Atak, M., Khawar, K.M., Ciftci, C. and Ozcan, S. 2007. Effect of pre-sowing seed treatment with zinc and foliar spray of humic acids on yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). International Journal of Agriculture Biological, 7: 875-878. (Journal)

Khan, A.A., Szafirowaska, A., Satriyas, I. and Ptasznik, W. 1995. Pre-sowing seed condition to improve stand establishment and yield of vegetables. Horticulture Science, 36, 438-451. (Journal) 

Koutroubas, S.D. and Papadoska, D.K. 2005 .Adaptation, grain yield and oil content of safflower in Greece.VI th International Safflower Conference, Istanbul 6-10 June: 161-167. (Journal)

Malakouti, M.J. 2007. Zinc is a neglected element in the life cycle of plants. Middle Eastern and Russian Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology, 1(1): 1-12. (Journal)

Manarifard, M. and Sepehri, A. 2012. Effect of seed priming and foliar application of zinc on yield and yield components of two wheat cultivars. Journal of Agricultural Science and Sustainable Production, 151-169 (In Persian) (Journal)

Marshner, H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. 2nd ed. Academic Press, London, UK. (Book)

McDonald, M.B. 2000. Seed priming. (eds. M. Black and J. D. Bewley). Sheffield Academic Press, pp: 287-325. (Part of Book)

Munawar, M., Ikram, M., Iqbal, M., Raza, M.M., Habib, S., Hammad, Gh., Najeebullah, M., Saleem, M. and Ashraf, R. 2013. Effect of seed priming with zinc, boron and manganese on seedling health in carrot. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 5 (22): 2697-2702. (Journal)                                                                                                             

 Omidi, A.H. 2009. Effect of drought stress at different growth stages on seed yield and some agro-physiological traits of three spring safflower cultivars. Journal of Seed and Plant Production, 25: 15-31 (In Persian) (Journal)

Pasban Eslam, B. 2011. Evaluation of physiological indices for improving water deficit tolerance in spring safflower. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, 13: 327-338. (Journal)

Rengel, Z. and Graham, R.D. 1995. Importance of seed zinc content for wheat growth on zinc deficient soil. Plant and Soil, 173: 267-274. (Journal)

 Rose, L.A., Feltion, W.L. and Banks, L.W. 2002. Responses of four soybean variations to foliar zinc fertilizer. Australian Journal of Experiment Agriculture Animal Husbandry, 21: 236-240. (Journal)

Vazirimehr, M., Ganjali, H.R. and Fanaei, H.R. 2013. Effect of seed priming on quantitative traits corn single cross hybrids 704 in the Region Sistan. Journal of Applied and Agricultural Science, 8(7): 1151-1154. (Journal)